Pascua Yaqui Tribe

Leadership (updated August 2017) Contact Information
Robert Valencia, Chairman Address: 7474 S. Camino de Oeste
Peter Yucupicio, Vice Chairman                Tucson, AZ 85746
Raymundo Baltazar, Treasurer Phone:    520-883-5000
Mary Jane Buenamea, Secretary Website:
Herminia Frias, Council Member
Rosa Soto Alvarez, Council Member
Francisco Munoz, Council Member
David Ramirez, Council Member
Cruzita Armenta, Council Member
Antonia Campoy, Council Member
Francisco Valencia, Council Member
GOVERNANCE: The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is governed by a Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, and seven additional council members. The Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, and Treasurer are voted from within the eleven member council. Council members serve staggered four-year terms, and meet monthly. The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is in Congressional District 3; Legislative District 3. 


The Pascua Yaqui Tribe has established a protocol for research and the protection of human subjects, adopted in 2008.

COMMUNITY PROFILE: The Yaqui people have lived in the Gila and Santa Cruz River Valleys for hundreds of years. In the early 1900s, many Yaqui families were either forced to move or relocated to Arizona to escape the violence of the 1910-1920 Mexican Revolution. In 1964, the Pascua Yaquis received 202 acres of desert land, and in 1978, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona was federally recognized. According to the 2010 Census, approximately 3,484 individuals live on the Pascua Yaqui Tribe Reservation in Arizona. 

According to the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe has five communities: New Pascua is the Reservation just southwest of Tucson, Old Pascua is in the City of Tucson, Barrio Libre is in the City of South Tucson, Marana is northwest of Tucson, and Guadalupe is a southeast suburb of Phoenix.

The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is very young, with more than one-third (37.7 percent) of all members under 18 years of age.*  The proportion 65 years and older is just 5.2 percent, compared to 15.4 percent for the County.  The median age for the tribe is 24, compared to a median age of 38 in Pima County.  In terms of ethnicity, 23.6 percent of tribal members self-identify as Hispanic or Latino.

The Pascua Yaqui Tibe is made up of diverse households. Households are six times more likely to be multigenerational compared to the state of Arizona (defined by the census as more than two generations living together).  Traditional husband-wife families make up 32 percent of all households, and households headed by a single female are 43 percent of all households. Pascua Yaqui Tribal members have a signifcantly high poverty rate (39 percent, compared to 15 percent for the state of Arizona). The median household income is $31,875. Almost half of all workers (49 percent) work for the government. 

The Tribe operates two casinos: The Casino of the Sun opened in 1994; Casino Del Sol opened in 2001.

*All Statistics are from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates.