Pascua Yaqui Tribe

Leadership (updated November 2019) Contact Information
Robert Valencia, Chairman Address: 7474 S. Camino de Oeste
Peter Yucupicio, Vice Chairman                Tucson, AZ 85746
Raymundo Baltazar, Treasurer Phone:    520-883-5000
Mary Jane Buenamea, Secretary Website:
Herminia Frias, Council Member Community Health Representative: Reuben Howard <>
Rosa Soto Alvarez, Council Member Education Director: Mario Molina <>
Francisco Munoz, Council Member
David Ramirez, Council Member
Cruzita Armenta, Council Member
Antonia Campoy, Council Member
Francisco Valencia, Council Member
GOVERNANCE: The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is governed by a Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, and seven additional council members. The Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, and Treasurer are voted from within the eleven member council. Council members serve staggered four-year terms, and meet monthly. The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is in Congressional District 3; Legislative District 3. 


The Pascua Yaqui Tribe has established a protocol for research and the protection of human subjects, adopted in 2008.

COMMUNITY PROFILE: The Yaqui people have lived in the Gila and Santa Cruz River Valleys for hundreds of years. In the early 1900s, many Yaqui families were either forced to move or relocated to Arizona to escape the violence of the 1910-1920 Mexican Revolution. In 1964, the Pascua Yaquis received 202 acres of desert land, and in 1978, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona was federally recognized. According to the U.S. Census, approximately 7,875 individuals live on Pascua Yaqui Tribe Reservation land in Arizona. 

According to the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, the Pascua Yaqui Tribe has five communities: New Pascua is the Reservation just southwest of Tucson, Old Pascua is in the City of Tucson, Barrio Libre is in the City of South Tucson, Marana is northwest of Tucson, and Guadalupe is a southeast suburb of Phoenix.

The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is very young, with just under one-third (31 percent) of all members under 18 years of age, and a median age of 26.3.* In terms of ethnicity, a portion of tribal members self-identify as Hispanic or Latino, and more than half of households (56 percent) speak Spanish.

The Pascua Yaqui Tibe is made up of diverse households. Traditional husband-wife families make up 44 percent of all households, and households headed by a single female are 46 percent of all households. Pascua Yaqui Tribal members have a signifcantly high poverty rate (39 percent, compared to 17.7 percent for the state of Arizona). The median household income is $29,925. 

The Tribe operates two casinos: The Casino of the Sun opened in 1994; Casino Del Sol opened in 2001.

*All Statistics are from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates.