Ak-Chin Indian Community

Leadership (updated November 2019) Contact Information
Robert Miguel, Chairman Address: 42507 W. Peters and Nall Road
Gabriel Lopez, Vice Chairman                Maricopa, AZ 85138
Lisa Garcia, Council Member Phone:    520-568-1000
Delia M. Carlyle , Council Member Website:  http://www.ak-chin.nsn.us
Octavio Machado, Council Member Director of Health Education: Marc Matteson <mmatteso@ak-chin.nsn.us>
GOVERNANCE:  In August 2016, voters approved new amendments to the Ak-Chin Indian Community Constitution. All council seats will be elected in November, 2016. Beginning in January 2017, all seats will be 2-year terms; thereafter 4-year terms, with an 8-year term limit.  Prior to the 2016 amendment, the council selected the Chair and Vice Chair.  Now, the Chair and Vice Chair will be voted by the Ak-Chin Community. The legislative council meets on the first and third Wednesday of every month. The Ak-Chin Indian Community is located in Congressional District 1; Legislative District 11.
CONSTITUTION:  To view the Ak-Chin Indian Community's original Constitution, see: Ak-Chin Indian Community Constitution and Bylaws, adopted 1961. To view the 2016 voter-approved Constitution, see: 2016 Amended Constitution.

COMMUNITY PROFILE: The Ak-Chin Indian Community consists of both Tohono O'odham and Pima Indians in the Sonoran Desert of south-central Arizona. The O'odham translation of Ak-Chin means "mouth of the wash" or "place where the wash loses itself in the sand or ground." According to the Ak-Chin, this term refers to a type of farming that relies on washes or seasonal floodplains for irrigation. The Ak-Chin Indian Community was established in May 1912 through an Executive Order from President Taft. The originally-established 47,600-acre reservation was reduced to less than 22,000 acres in 1913. In 1961 the Tribe's government was formally organized, and the Ak-Chin are currenty governed by a five-member Tribal Council.

According to the 2015 Census, approximately 1,065 individuals live on Ak-Chin Indian Community tribal land in Arizona. This land is located in the Santa Cruz Valley 58 miles south of Phoenix, Arizona. All of the land within the Ak-Chin Community is held in trust by the United States government. The land area consists of 32.78 square miles, with 16,000 of the 21,840 acres dedicated to agriculture/farming. This makes the Ak-Chin community one of the largest farming communities in the United States. 

The Ak-Chin Indian Community is young with 28 percent of the population being under age 18.* The median age is 28.5, considerably lower than the median age of 37.5 for the state of Arizona. The community is made up of diverse households, with 43 percent of householders speaking a language other than English. Less than half of households are traditional married-couple families, and families headed by a single female make up more than one-fourth (26 percent) of all households. The Ak-Chin Indian Community has a poverty rate that is more than twice as high as the state of Arizona (40 percent compared to 17.7 percent), with 30 percent of families classified as "severely poor" due to earning less than half the poverty threshold. The median family income for the community is $24,688. 

The Ak-Chin Indian Community runs the Ak-Chin Him Dak Eco-Museum, the first of its kind in America.  The museum was established to preserve, protect, promote, and teach all aspects of Ak-Chin heritage. The museum hosts two yearly celebrations, the annual Him-Dak Celebration in April, and Native American Recognition Day in September.  The Community also operates Harrah's Ak-Chin Casino and Resort, Ak-Chin Pavillion, and Ak-Chin Farms.

    *All statistics are from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey.